The “Trolley Problem” Shows Why We Need Transparent A.I.

Artificial intelligence needs transparency so that humans can hold it to account, a researcher has claimed. Virginia Dignum, associate professor at the Delft University of Technology, told an audience at New York University on Friday that if we don’t understand why machines act the way they do, we won’t be able to judge their decisions. Dignum cited a story by David Berreby, a science writer and researcher, that was published in Psychology Today: “Evidence suggests that when people work with machines, they feel less sense of agency than they do when they work alone or with other people.” The trolley problem, Dignum explained, is an area where people may place blind faith in a machine to choose the right outcome. The question is whether to switch the lever on a…


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