Metacognition of intentions in mindfulness and hypnosis

IntroductionVoluntary actions can be distinguished from involuntary or reflex actions in that they can, on reflection, be accompanied by awareness of intending to act, as investigated in the famous experiments of Libet and colleagues (Libet et al., 1983). In these studies, participants reported the time at which they experienced an “urge” to move (W) while watching an oscilloscope “clock.” As such, Libet’s W timing can be interpreted as a measure of temporal metacognition and as a chronometric measure of the sense of agency (Wolpe and Rowe, 2014). We use it to investigate the nature of both hypnotic responding and mindfulness, which both have, we argue, essential metacognitive components. We will argue for the relationship between W and both hypnotic responding and mindfulness via higher order thought theory.Higher order thoughts target first…


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