Apes understand beliefs don’t always match reality

11th Oct 2016 A new study, publish in Science suggests that apes are able to anticipate that others have mistaken beliefs about a situation, something which was previously thought to be a uniquely human ability. The ability to tell when others hold mistaken beliefs is seen as a major development in human cognition. This awareness is developed in early childhood, around the age of 5. It marks the beginning of a child’s ability to fully comprehend the thoughts and emotions of others – the theory of mind.  In the study conducted, Apes watched two short videos. The first one; a man dressed as an ape hides behind a haystack while another man watches. The man walks away, out of sights and the ape runs away. In the final scene, the man re-appears looking…


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