A new research trend? DARPA wants to fund XAI (Explainable Artificial Intelligence)

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is becoming more and more integrated in our daily lives: AI agents might decide if you get a bank loan, or if your job application will ever reach human eyes. Not everyone is comfortable with this trend, since we don’t always know exactly how the AI comes to its decision. AI learns from existing data to predict future data, but its inner workings can be a mystery even to the AI’s programmers. That’s a problem if the AI is making life or death decisions, as it would in missile systems or unmanned drones. In response, the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is seeking research in Explainable AI, that is, AI that will output an answer and the criteria that led the system to its decision. Here is an example from DARPA’s slides: instead…


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